What comes to your mind when you hear the word bass? Mostly likely a largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) is what you are visualizing. Bass is a general term that is shared by several different types of this fish species. They include choctaw bass (M. haiaka), guadalupe bass (M. treculii), smallmouth bass (M. dolomieu), spotted bass (M. punctulatus), striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and white bass (M. chrysops). The fishing tips for bass on this web page are geared mostly towards largemouth bass, especially since they are one of the most popular fish sought by fishermen.
Largemouth bass are one of the most popular game fish in North America. They are a species of black bass and considered to be an apex predator but they can be preyed upon by other fish and animals when a juvenile. Largemouth bass have a very distinct appearance, they are olive green with dark strip in a jagged strip that is horizontal along each flank. They can live up to 16 years in the wild, reaching a maximum recorded length of 29.5 inches and a weight of 22 pounds. Their diet consists of bait fish, crawfish, frogs, insects, scuds, shrimp, small fish and snakes. They catch and eat prey that can be as large as 25 to 50% of their body length.